Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Integrating quality and cost of surface raw water : upper and middle Vaal water management areas South Africa
(IWA Publishing, 2010)
The user-pays principle encourages use of a water tariff structure that incorporates pollution and/or depletion of a water resource because that water represents a capital resource base. Development of a tool that models ...
Ecological functionality of the Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management areas
A harmonised in-stream water quality guideline was constructed for the Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management Areas (WMAs) using ideal catchment background values for the sub-catchments; Vaal dam, Vaal barrage, Klip River ...
Making a case for systems thinking approach to integrated water resources management (IWRM)
(Academic Journals, 2010-04-22)
While definite benefits could be gained from integrating the management of natural and human systems, taking into account the effects of human activities on the environment, the task of operationalising and implementing ...
Towards a more sustainable surface raw water tariff structure in the Vaal basin : a situational analysis
(Academic Journals, 2011-04-18)
With an increasingly urbanised population, further study was necessary to determine if water could be used more efficiently by applying efficient tariff structures in combination with decision support tools in the form of ...
The impact of pricing of raw water on cost of treatment and ultimately on the cost of potable water
The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) sells raw water to water boards, generally at a fixed price determined annually. The cost of this water does generally not take into account the quality that the water ...