Pathways of 3-biofules (hydrogen, ethanol and methane) production from petrochemical industry wastewater via anaerobic packed bed bafﬂed reactor inoculated with mixed culture bacteria
Enitan, Abimbola Motunrayo
Kumari, Sheena K.
MetadataShow full item record
Simultaneous production of 3-biofuels (hydrogen, ethanol and methane) as by-products of the biodegra-dation of petrochemical wastewater containing MEG via anaerobic packed bed bafﬂed reactor (AnPBBR), was extensively investigated. A four-chambered reactor supported by polyurethane sheets, was operated at a constant hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 36 h and different organic loading rates (OLRs) of 0.67, 1, 2 and 4 gCOD/L/d. The maximum speciﬁc H2 and CH4 production rates of 438.07 ± 43.02 and 237.80 ± 21.67 ml/L/d were respectively achieved at OLR of 4 gCOD/L/d. The residual bio-ethanol signif-icantly increased from 57.15 ± 2.31 to 240.19 ± 34.69 mg/L at increasing the OLR from 0.67 to 4 gCOD/L/d, respectively. The maximum MEG biodegradability of 98% was attained at the lowest OLR. Compartment-wise proﬁles revealed that the maximum H2 and ethanol production were achieved at HRT of 9 h (1st compartment), while the CH4 production was peaked at HRTs of 27 and 36 h (last two compartments). Kinetic studies using Stover–Kincannon and completely stirred tank reactor (CSTR) in series models were successfully applied to the AnPBBR overall and compartment-to-compartment performance, respectively. The economic evaluation strongly revealed the potentials of using AnPBBR for simultaneous treatment and bio-energy production from petrochemical wastewater as compared to the classical anaerobic bafﬂed reactor (ABR). Microbial analysis using Illumina MiSeq sequencing showed a diversity of bacterial com-munity in AnPBBR. Proteobacteria (36.62%), Firmicutes (20.85%) and Bacteroidetes (3.44%) were the most dominant phyla.
Elreedy, A. et al. 2016. Pathways of 3-biofules (hydrogen, ethanol and methane) production from petrochemical industry wastewater via anaerobic packed bed bafﬂed reactor inoculated with mixed culture bacteria. Energy Conversion and Management. 122: 119-130.