The role of spatial development frameworks in transformation of the eThekwini Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa : reflecting on 20 years of planning
Lincoln, Gilberte Marie
Hansmann, Robynne Jean
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Copyright: 2016. Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Due to copyright restrictions, only the abstract is available. For access to the full text item, please consult the publisher's website. The definitive version of the work is published in Urban Forum . Vol 27 (2) : 187–210. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12132-015-9272-6
In the 20 years since the advent of a democratic government in South Africa, planned expenditure on infrastructure projects by municipalities has been used in part to redress inequalities and socioeconomic distortions created by apartheid. Our purpose in this article is to assess the effectiveness of planning instruments to achieve desired transformation in the case of the eThekwini Municipality. We evaluated demographic, spatial regional economic, settlement hierarchy, accessibility and functional analysis indicators to assess the eThekwini Spatial Development Framework (SDF) as it applies to the city of Durban, making particular use of the National Population Census results for 2001 and 2011, municipal data on housing and settlement distribution, the munic-ipal evaluation roll, the Industrial Land Study of 2014 and the Eskom household survey of 2009. These data sets were mapped using Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) GIS to analyse spatial changes over the decade from 2001 to 2011 to establish the ways and extent public investment guided by SDFs is responsive to spatial transformation imperatives. We found that, although there has been some economic and population growth, in-migration and densification of the inner city, there has been limited spatial transformation of the urban population, many communities still live in poverty, the traditional inequalities prevail and the benefits of democratic dispensation are elusive to many, despite substantial investment in infrastructure. Our analysis points to inadequacies of the planning tools and their application to spending public funds. Moreover, SDFs appear to be process and compliance-driven rather than inclusive of stakeholder concerns. We argue that they require substantial refinement to achieve the desired results.
Musvoto, G., Lincoln, G. and Hansmann, R. 2016. The role of spatial development frameworks in transformation of the eThekwini Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa : reflecting on 20 years of planning.Urban Forum . 27(2): 187–210.