Modelling writing as the basis for a writing tutor computer program.
Pratt, Deirdre Denise
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To provide the basis for a writing tutor program which could be used in a variety of contexts, a modelling process was followed which produced both a practical and a theoretical model of writing. While the practical model provided learner writers with metacognitive strategies to carry out composing processes, the theoretical model underpinning it consisted of a system of communicative functions necessary for effective communication. Having been validated empirically, the practical model formed the basis for a writing tutor program, which was produced in the form of a help menu designed around the five stages of composing shown in the model. The program can be loaded onto the learner writer’s home computer and consulted while the writer is composing on computer, and was designed to allow for input by both teacher and student, which means that it can be customised to suit different educational contexts and purposes.