Lower respiratory tract disorders and thoracic spine pain and dysfunction in subjects presenting to the Durban Institute of Technology Chiropractic Day Clinic : a retrospective clinical survey
Anecdotal evidence and some developmental theory suggest that lower respiratory tract pathologies may be associated with thoracic spine pain and dysfunction. This hypothetical association may be better described either as respiratory conditions occurring as a result of musculoskeletal dysfunction of the thoracic spine, or as respiratory conditions causing thoracic musculoskeletal dysfunction. Optimal function of the lungs and the process of ventilation is dependant on the normal function of the thoracic spine and the rib cage. Disturbances of the musculoskeletal components of the thoracic spine may lead to increased respiratory efforts, decreased lung function and in turn affect bronchopulmonary function. Obstructive respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema place an increased demand on the musculoskeletal components involved in expiration, as air has to be forcefully expired. The purpose of this quantitative, non experimental, demographic retrospective clinical survey was to retrospectively describe lower respiratory tract disorders and thoracic spine pain and dysfunction in subjects presenting to the Durban Institute of Technology Chiropractic Day Clinic, in terms of the prevalence of lower respiratory tract disorders as well as any association between the presenting respiratory conditions and their vertebral distribution in the thoracic spine.