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The short term relative effectiveness of two manual interventions in the management of chronic moderate asthma

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dc.contributor.advisor Shaik, Junaid
dc.contributor.author Rampersad, Shekaar Ramesh
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-02T12:32:43Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-02T12:32:43Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.other 314504
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10321/432
dc.description Dissertation submitted in partial compliance with the requirements for the Masterà ¢ s Degree in Technology: Chiropractic, Durban University of Technology, 2008. en
dc.description.abstract Objectives: To determine the short-term effect of an inhaled, short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator on chest wall expansion (cm) and lung function parameters (FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC%) in chronic moderate asthmatics. To determine the short-term effect of spinal manipulation (SMT) and ribcage mobilisation on chest wall expansion (cm) and lung function parameters (FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC%) in chronic moderate asthmatics. To determine the short-term effect of a combination of SMT, ribcage mobilisation and an inhaled, short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator on chest wall expansion (cm) and lung function parameters (FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC%) in chronic moderate asthmatics. Methods: Forty-five chronic moderate asthmatics who met all the inclusion criteria of the study were divided into three groups of fifteen each. Group A received a short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator, Group B received SMT and ribcage mobilisation and Group C received a combination of SMT, ribcage mobilisation and a short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator. Baseline measurements and testing included chest wall expansion and the lung function parameters FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC%. These measurements were repeated 15 minutes post-intervention. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Results: There were no statistically significant changes between pre- and post-intervention in the short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator group with respect to any of the chest wall expansion measurements. There was a statisticallly significant increase in FEV1 between pre- and post-intervention in the short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator group (p = 0.008). There was a statistically significant increase in the mean pre- and post-intervention axillary chest wall expansion (p = 0.014) as well as the mean of the half-way measurement (p = 0.014) and the overall mean chest wall expansion value (p = 0.001) following SMT and ribcage mobilisation. There were no statistically significant changes in any of the lung function parameter values following SMT and ribcage mobilisation. There was a significant increase for the half-way measurement in chest wall expansion (p = 0.018) in the combination of SMT, ribcage mobilisation and the inhaled, short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator group. There were no statistically significant changes in any of the lung function parameter values in the combination of SMT, ribcage mobilisation and an inhaled, short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator. For FEV1, the effect in the short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator group vs. the SMT and ribcage mobilisation group was statistically significant (p = 0.018). There was no statistical difference in any of the chest wall expansion measurements and FVC and FEV1/FVC% parameters between all three groups. Conclusions The results did not point specifically to one intervention over another for all outcomes. SMT and rib mobilisation had no effect on the lung function parameters, at least in the short term. There was a statisticallly significant increase in FEV1 between pre- and post-intervention in the short-acting 2-agonist bronchodilator group. en
dc.format.extent 118 p en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Spinal adjustment en
dc.subject Asthma--Treatment en
dc.subject Asthma--Chiropractic treatment en
dc.title The short term relative effectiveness of two manual interventions in the management of chronic moderate asthma en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.dut-rims.pubnum DUT-000439


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