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dc.contributor.advisorKorporaal, Charmaine Maria
dc.contributor.authorLegoete, Kgosietsile
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-07T07:17:59Z
dc.date.available2012-09-01T22:20:06Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.other326253
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10321/523
dc.descriptionDissertation submitted in partial compliance with the requirements for the Masters Degree in Technology: Chiropractic, Durban University of Technology, 2010.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe 1 year overall prevalence of Episodic Tension-Type Headache (ETTH) is 38.3%; with lifetime prevalence at 46% for TTH. Little literature exists to support the effectiveness of spinal manipulation in the treatment of ETTH. Therefore aim of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of cervical spine manipulation and a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (Ibuprofen®) in the treatment of ETTH. Method: This study was a prospective randomised clinical trial with two intervention groups (N=32, n1=16 and n2=16). The allocation of participants to the two groups was completed by means of simple randomization. Group one were treated using cervical spine manipulation. Group two were treated using Ibuprofen. Subjective measurements included the Numerical Rating Scale 101 Questionnaire (NRS-101), Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), CMCC Neck Disability Index (CMCC) and Headache Diary. A p value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The subjective measurements of the NRS-101, SF-MPQ and CMCC showed a significant time effect in both treatment groups. Several of the subjective Headaches Diary outcomes followed this trend with significant time effect in both groups. There was a significant treatment effect for the NRS-101. Several subject outcomes from the Headache Diary showed a significant treatment effect in favour of manipulation, namely frequency and duration of headaches. Conclusion: The findings in this study have shown that cervical spine manipulation is more effective than Ibuprofen® for the treatment of ETTH in terms of several subjective outcomes namely: pain intensity (NRS-101), and the frequency and the duration of headache per day.en_US
dc.format.extent105 pen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectChiropracticen_US
dc.subjectTension-type headacheen_US
dc.subjectNSAIDsen_US
dc.subjectIbuprofen®en_US
dc.subject.lcshChiropracticen_US
dc.subject.lcshTension headache--Chiropractic treatmenten_US
dc.subject.lcshSpinal adjustmenten_US
dc.subject.lcshManipulation (Therapeutics)en_US
dc.subject.lcshIbuprofenen_US
dc.subject.lcshPain--Measurementen_US
dc.subject.lcshNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agentsen_US
dc.titleThe relative effectiveness of cervical spine manipulation and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (Ibuprofen) in the treatment of episodic tension-type headachesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.dut-rims.pubnumDUT-000386


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