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dc.contributor.advisorDeenadayalu, Nirmala
dc.contributor.authorTywabi, Zikhona
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-20T06:41:49Z
dc.date.available2014-02-11T12:32:57Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-20
dc.identifier.other418625
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10321/747
dc.descriptionDissertation was submitted in fulfilment of the academic requirement for the Masters Degree in Technology: Chemistry, Durban University of Technology, 2011.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn this work, the binary and ternary excess molar volumes have been calculated from the density, ρ, measurements using an Anton Paar (DMA 38) vibrating tube digital densimeter. One component of the ternary systems studied was an ionic liquid. The ionic liquid used is methyl trioctylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [MOA]+[Tf2N]-. Binary excess molar volumes were obtained for (1-butanol + ethyl acetate) and (2-butanol + ethyl acetate) systems at T = (298.15, 303.15, and 313.15) K. Ternary excess molar volumes were obtained for the mixtures {[MOA]+[Tf2N]- + 2-propanol or 1-butanol or 2-butanol + ethyl acetate} at T = (298.15, 303.15, and 313.15) K. The Redlich-Kister equation was fitted to the calculated binary excess molar volume data to obtain the fitting parameters which were used to calculate the partial molar volumes at infinite dilution. The calculated partial molar volume was used to better understand the intermolecular interactions of each component at infinite dilution. The Redlich-Kister parameters were also used in the Cibulka equation and the Cibulka equation was used to correlate the ternary excess molar volume data to give the fitting parameters. The binary excess molar volumes,VmE , for the (1-butanol + ethyl acetate) and (2-butanol + ethyl acetate) are positive at each temperature over the entire composition range. At high mole fractions of the alcohol for the binary systems (2-propanol or 1-butanol or 2-butanol + ethyl acetate), VmE is positive again, similar to the Cibulka ternary correlation. The positive V E m values are due to the breaking of intermolecular interactions in the pure components during the mixing process. The ternary excess molar volume,V E 123 , values are negative for all mole fractions. The negative values are due to a more efficient packing and/ or attractive intermolecular interactions in the mixtures than in the pure liquid. There is also a contraction in volume which can be attributed to electron-donor-acceptor type interactions between the ionic liquid and 2-propanol or 1-butanol or 2-butanol as well as ethyl acetate.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Research Foundation.en_US
dc.format.extent160 pen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subject.lcshMolecular volumeen_US
dc.subject.lcshVolumetric analysisen_US
dc.subject.lcshIonic solutionsen_US
dc.subject.lcshChemistry, Physical and theoreticalen_US
dc.titleCibulka correlation for ternary excess molar volumes for [MOA]⁺[Tf₂N]⁻ at different temperaturesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.dut-rims.pubnumDUT-002242


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