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dc.contributor.authorDzwairo, Bloodless
dc.contributor.authorOtieno, Fredrick Alfred O.
dc.contributor.authorOchieng, George M.
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-06T08:35:59Z
dc.date.available2012-12-06T08:35:59Z
dc.date.issued2011-04-18
dc.identifier.citationDzwairo, B., Otieno, F.A.O., Ochieng, G.M. "Towards a more sustainable surface raw water tariff structure in the Vaal basin: A situational analysis". International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(29) (2011): pp. 6751-6758en_US
dc.identifier.issn1992 - 1950
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10321/794
dc.description.abstractWith an increasingly urbanised population, further study was necessary to determine if water could be used more efficiently by applying efficient tariff structures in combination with decision support tools in the form of models. This paper highlighted challenges towards establishing a sustainable surface raw water tariff structure. Limitations of using the pollute-pays principle for setting a surface raw water tariff structure within a highly urbanised environment were noted. A tariff structure in the Upper and Middle Vaal Water management Areas which are part of the Vaal basin in South Africa was shown to promote inequity such that a downstream user paid more for using more polluted water. Recommendations specific to the Vaal basin included adopting a user-pays principle and also use of a model that incorporated variability in surface raw water quality for tariff setting and also for purposes of predicting potable water treatment costs.en_US
dc.format.extent8 pen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAcademic Journalsen_US
dc.subjectPolluter-pays principleen_US
dc.subjectVaal basinen_US
dc.subjectSustainable tariff structureen_US
dc.subjectUrbanised populationen_US
dc.subjectUser-pays principleen_US
dc.subject.lcshVaal River (South Africa)en_US
dc.subject.lcshWater pollutionen_US
dc.titleTowards a more sustainable surface raw water tariff structure in the Vaal basin : a situational analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.dut-rims.pubnumDUT-001294


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