Development of green dual polymers for antibacterial applications
Nayuniagri, Mithil Kumar
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Copyright: 2015. Taylor & Francis Online. Due to copyright restrictions, only the abstract is available. For access to the full text item, please consult the publisher's website. The definitive version of the work is published in Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. Vol 54(16) : 1715-1722. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03602559.2015.1036440
In this article, we report on the antibacterial properties of a novel antimicrobial poly(citric acid-co-curcumin) polymer system that was prepared by a catalyst–free polyesterification process. The dual polymer of poly(citric acid-co-curcumin) was synthesized by varying the weight ratio of citric acid and curcumin monomers. Details of the synthesis, spectral (Fourier transform infrared, ultraviolet), thermal stability (Thermogravimetric analyses), and the morphological (Scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy) characterization of dual polymers are presented in this scientific article. The UV–visible spectrometry was used to confirm the copolymerization of curcumin dispersion in the dual polymer systems. The presence of functional groups of copolymers was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The thermogravimetric analysis results indicated that poly(citric acid-co-curcumin) have a thermal stability up to 225°C. The ratios used were 1:0.25, 1:0.5, 1:0.75, and 1:1 and their antibacterial properties were studied with respect to their activity on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. This dual polymer was inoculated onto a Petri dish and its ability to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans (fungus), and Micrococcus luteus was evaluated using the bacterial disc method. Results indicated inhibition properties to increase with increasing curcumin content and the dual polymer with highest curcumin content showed excellent antimicrobial activities against both gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms. Hence, it was clear that the developed dual polymers may be effectively used for antibacterial applications such as wound dressing.
Nayuniagri, M. K. and Kanny, K. 2015. Development of green dual polymers for antibacterial applications. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 54(16): 1715-1722.