Improving the feasibility of producing biofuels from microalgae using wastewater
Ranjith Kumar, R.
MetadataShow full item record
Biofuels have received much attention recently owing to energy consumption and environmental concerns. Despite many of the technologies being technically feasible, the processes are often too costly to be commercially viable. The major stumbling block to full-scale production of algal biofuels is the cost of upstream and downstream processes and environmental impacts such as water footprint and indirect greenhouse gas emissions from chemical nutrient production. The technoeconomics of biofuels production from microalgae is currently unfeasible due to the cost of inputs and productivities achieved. The use of a bioreﬁnery approach sees the production costs reduced greatly due to utilization of waste streams for cultivation and the generation of several potential energy sources and value-added products while oﬀering environmental protection. The use of wastewater as a production media, coupled with CO2 sequestration from ﬂue gas greatly reduces the microalgal cultivation costs. Conversion of residual biomass and by-products, such as glycerol, for fuel production using an integrated approach potentially holds the key to near future commercial implementation of biofuels production.
Rawat, I.; Bhola, V. and Ranjith Kumar, R. 2013. Improving the feasibility of producing biofuels from microalgae using wastewater. Environmental Technology. 34 (13-14) : 1765-1775.