Preaging techniques as a means of stabilising thermoelectric drift in nickel-chromium/nickel-aluminium thermocouples for use in an aluminium heat treating furnace
Hart, Roderick William Wenham
MetadataShow full item record
This dissertation is primarily concerned with investigating and improving the degree of accuracy and precision that may be achieved from temperat~re measurements made utilising nickel-chromium/nickel-aluminium (Type K) thermocouples. The practice of heat treating extruded aluminium section creates specific metallurgical properties within section. Development of specialised aluminium alloys has necessitated the use of treatment temperatures,- close to the limit beyond which the alloy experiences undesirable, permanent, metallurgical change. This situation has demanded urgent attention to, in quality assurance terms, the, 'fitness for purpose', of primary temperature sensors. The most established of these sensors, the Type thermocouple, has known problems relating to calibration stability and drift. The substantial amount of furnace control instrumentation and cabling dedicated to measurement from Type K sensors precludes the simple conversion to an alternate sensor type. The more practical option of applying calibration correction factors to existing measuring systems is only feasible if sensor stability characteristics permit measurement traceability to' be established within required uncertainty limits.