Elucidation of microbiological-biochemical relationships in denitrification occurring during activated sludge treatment
Drysdale, Gavin David
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Up until now extensive work has been done to develop kinetic models and related software that can be used successfully to simulate and design nitrification denitrification (ND) and nitrification denitrification biological excess phosphorus removal (NDBEPR) systems for efficient nitrogen removal. The denitrification kinetics of these systems have primarily been determined and attributed to the ordinary heterotrophic bacteria, now also known as the OHO fraction, otherwise not involved in biological excess phosphorus removal. However, denitrification kinetics determined for ND systems have been found to vary considerably at times when applied to NDBEPR systems because of varying OHO active fraction estimates and the unexplained occurrence of anoxic phosphorus removal and anysuccess achieved to date has been some what fortuitous. Ultimately variations in process performance and kinetics are attributable to inadequate control and lack of understanding of the ecological, physiological and biochemical activities of constituent microorganisms. There is growing concern and movement towards a better understanding of the microbial community within activated sludge in order to gain optimal control of the process.