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Title: Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of an unique indigenous hypersaline unicellular cyanobacterium, Euhalothece sp.nov
Authors: Mogany, Trisha 
Swalaha, Feroz Mahomed 
Allam, Mushal 
Mtshali, Phillip Senzo 
Ismail, Arshad 
Kumari, Sheena K. 
Bux, Faizal 
Keywords: Cyanobacteria;Euhalothece;Hypersaline polyphasic taxonomy;Molecular phylogeny;Whole genome sequencing
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Mogany, T. et al. 2018. Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of an unique indigenous hypersaline unicellular cyanobacterium, Euhalothece sp.nov. Microbiological Research. 211: 47-56.
Journal: Microbiological research (Internet) 
A novel halotolerant species of cyanobacterium of the order Chroococcales was isolated from hypersaline estuary in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. A comprehensive polyphasic approach viz., cell morphology, pigment com-position and complete genome sequence analysis was conducted to elucidate the taxonomic position of the isolated strain. The blue-green oval to rod-shaped cells were 14–18 μm in size, and contained a high amount of phycocyanin pigments. The strain was moderate thermotolerant/alkalitolerant halophile with the optimum conditions for growth at 35 °C, pH 8.5 and 120 g/l of NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny, the strain was related to members of the ‘Euhalothece’ subcluster (99%). The whole genome sequence was de-termined, and the annotated genes showed a 90% sequence similarity to the gas-vacuolate, spindle-shaped Dactylococcopsis salina PCC 8305. The size of the genome was determined to be 5,113,178 bp and contained 4332 protein-coding genes and 69 RNA genes with a G + C content of 46.7%. Genes encoding osmoregulation, oxi-dative stress, heat shock, persister cells, and UV-absorbing secondary metabolites, among others, were identified. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences, physiological data, pigment compositions and genomic data, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of Euhalothece.
ISSN: 0944-5013 (print)
1618-0623 (online)
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Water and Wastewater Technology)

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