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Title: ZnO based 0-3D diverse nano-architectures, films and coatings for biomedical applications
Authors: Krishna, Suresh Babu Naidu
Jakmunee, Jaroon 
Mishra, Yogendra K. 
Prakash, Jai
Keywords: 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry;0903 Biomedical Engineering;Thin film technology;Nano-architecting;0-3D ZnO nanostructures;Nano biotechnology;Biomedical application
Issue Date: 2024
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Source: Krishna, S.B.N. et al. 2024. ZnO based 0-3D diverse nano-architectures, films and coatings for biomedical applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry B. doi:10.1039/d4tb00184b
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry B 
Thin-film nano-architecting is a promising approach that controls the properties of nanoscale
surfaces to increase their interdisciplinary applications in a variety of fields. In this context, zinc
oxide (ZnO)-based various nano-architectures (0–3D) such as quantum dots, nanorods/nanotubes,
nanothin films, tetrapods, nanoflowers, hollow structures, etc. have been extensively researched
by the scientific community in the past decade. Owing to their unique surface, charge transport,
optoelectronic properties, and reported biomedical applications, ZnO has been considered one of
the most important futuristic bio-nanomaterials. This review is focused on the design/synthesis
and engineering of 0–3D nano-architecture ZnO-based thin films and coatings with tunable
characteristics for multifunctional biomedical applications. Although ZnO has been extensively
researched, ZnO thin films composed of 0–3D nanoarchitectures with promising thin film device
bio-nanotechnology applications have rarely been reviewed. The current review focuses on
important details about the technologies used to make ZnO-based thin films, as well as the
customization of properties related to bioactivities, characterization, and device fabrication for
modern biomedical uses that are relevant. It features biosensing, tissue engineering/wound healing,
antibacterial, antiviral, and anticancer activity, as well as biomedical diagnosis and therapy with
an emphasis on a better understanding of the mechanisms of action. Eventually, key issues,
experimental parameters and factors, open challenges, etc. in thin film device fabrications and
applications, and future prospects will be discussed, followed by a summary and conclusion.
ISSN: 2050-750X
2050-7518 (Online)
DOI: 10.1039/d4tb00184b
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Applied Sciences)

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