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Title: A framework for improvement of informal settlements in Kampala City, Uganda
Authors: Kirabo, Hadijja 
Issue Date: Sep-2023
In today’s world, informal settlements are fast emerging and remain one of the massive
challenges to sustainable urban development and prosperity. Efforts to drive Uganda’s
vision 2040 are driving rapid urbanization in Kampala City. Consequently, several
people will continue to flock to the city due to the multiple benefits related to
urbanization. This study, therefore, focused on the drivers for informal settlements,
challenges in the informal settlements, and how to improve the living conditions in the
informal settlements in Kampala City.
The study adopted three research designs cross-sectional, descriptive, and
interpretive research designs, accompanied by the quantitative data collection
approach. A total of 120 household heads were the respondents in this study, from the
informal settlements of Bwaise, Kamwokya, Katanga, Naguru, Namuwongo, and
The study revealed the availability of job opportunities, availability of better social
services, family issues, sufficient security and safety, social/peer pressure, and better
living conditions as factors contributing to the migration into the city. However, the core
factors for settling in informal settlements are family attachment, low costs of housing,
proximate to the workplace, easy access to the central business district, access to
education services, access to health services, and low income. Living in informal
settlements is challenging as there are problems that exist in informal settlements.
These included poor waste management, unemployment, insecurity, lack of toilet
facilities, disease epidemics, natural disasters, unsafe drinking water, poor health
facilities, limited road infrastructures, limited access to basic education, congestion/
over population, and limited sources of energy. The study is to find a solution and
further know that there have beenconsiderable efforts by the development stakeholders
in the urban development spaceto address some of these challenges. Some of the
challenges addressed include waste management, insecurity, lack of toilet facilities,
unsafe drinking waters, and poor health facilities. The possible interventions for
addressing the problems included cleaning water drainage channels, job creation,
improving education services, and construction of toilet facilities.
The study recommends mediation approaches initiating the further development of
informal settlements by considering the issue of these settlements at the city level
where their acknowledgement is significant.
Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Built Environment in Quantity Surveying, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2022.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Engineering and Built Environment)

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