The relative effectiveness of Kinesio® taping methods as an adjunct to a single sacroiliac joint manipulation in the treatment of chronic sacroiliac joint syndrome
De Beer, Quintin Hardus
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The lifetime incidence of low back pain is between 48% to 79% in South Africa. Globally, chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome occurs in 13% to 63% of the world’s population. Therefore, chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome is a significant health problem that has the potential to have a major impact on quality of life. Chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome is described as an alteration in normal motion or mechanics. The Sacroiliac Joint fibrous capsule contributes to proprioceptive and nociceptive output, which may be exacerbated when the joint is in a dysfunctional state. Chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome may be effectively treated by spinal manipulative therapy. Spinal manipulative therapy is professed to have four therapeutic effects – mechanical correction, pain reducing effects, circulatory increase and neurobiologic effects. Similarly, Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy is professed to have comparable therapeutic effects – circulatory increase, pain reduction and stimulation of proprioceptive systems. Spinal manipulative therapy and Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy may, therefore, have similar therapeutic effects which, if used in adjunction, may produce enhanced therapeutic effects and accelerated results regarding reduction of symptoms in patients with chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome. This investigation aimed to determine whether Kinesio ® Taping methods would have any relative effect on the Sacroiliac Joint, and whether it would be appropriate to use as an adjunct to spinal manipulative therapy in the treatment of chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome. The study was a prospective stratified clinical trial with three intervention groups, twenty participants in each (n = 60). All participants were 18-50 years of age and suffering from chronic Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome. Subjective measurements included the Numerical Rating Scale and Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index. Objective measurements included the Algometer Scores. Numerical Rating Scale and Algometer measurements were taken before and immediately after treatment at the first consultation and at the second consultation. Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index measurements were taken at the first and second consultation. Group One underwent spinal manipulative therapy alone, Group Two underwent Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy alone and Group Three underwent both spinal manipulative therapy and Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy in combination. Comparisons were made using the Unpaired and Paired t-tests. The results for the Inter-group analyses suggested that most comparisons were statistically insignificant (p ≥ 0.05) which indicated that all treatment groups appeared to improve to a similar degree. The results for the Intra-group analyses suggested that most comparisons were statistically significant (p < 0.05) which indicated that Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy was effective as an adjunct to spinal manipulative therapy, however not statistically more or less effective that spinal manipulative therapy or Kinesio Tex® Tape therapy alone. In conclusion, it was found that some differences did occur, however these differences were not sufficient enough to conclude that one treatment was more effective than the other. Further research with a larger sample size, more frequent treatments and follow-ups, a more homogenous stratification of age, ethnic group, gender, side of diagnosis and categorizing participant occupation is needed in order for the power of the study to be amplified and, therefore, any results would carry more weight.