Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/1662
Title: Mössbauer spectroscopy analysis of valence state of iron in historical documents obtained from the National Library of South Africa
Authors: Dzinavatonga, Kaitano 
Bharuth-Ram, Krish 
Medupe, Thebe R. 
Keywords: Mossbauer spectroscopy;Oxidative degradation;Valence state of iron in paper
Issue Date: 9-Jul-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Dzinavatonga, K.; Bharuth-Ram, K. and Medupe, T. R. 2014. Mössbauer spectroscopy analysis of valence state of iron in historical documents obtained from the National Library of South Africa. Journal of Cultural Heritage. 16: 377-380.
Abstract: Documents of historical and cultural value are under constant risk of deterioration by acid hydrolysis and catalytic oxidation. The assessment of this risk of degradation is necessary in order to prepare for the conservation and preservation of such documents. The risk of oxidative degradation of four histor-ical documents obtained from the National Library of South Africa and one sample from the Timbuktu manuscripts was assessed by determining the valence states of Fe in the samples using Mössbauer Spec-troscopy (MS). The pH levels of the samples were also determined using the Abbey pH pen. It was found that all the samples were acidic, indicating that acid hydrolysis is occurring in all samples. One sample (Wildsport of Africa) had both Fe2+ (21%) and Fe3+ (79%); all the other samples had only Fe3+. The detec-tion Fe2+ in the Wildsport of Africa sample shows that oxidative degradation is also occurring in this document. The results also show for the first time ever that MS can be used to determine the valence state of trace amount of iron in paper.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/1662
ISSN: 1296-2074 (print)
1778-3674 (online)
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Management Sciences)

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