Lie Symmetries of (1+2) nonautonomous evolution equations in financial mathematics
Morris, Richard M.
Leach, P. G. L.
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We analyse two classes of (1 + 2) evolution equations which are of special interest in Financial Mathematics, namely the Two-dimensional Black-Scholes Equation and the equation for the Two-factor Commodities Problem. Our approach is that of Lie Symmetry Analysis. We study these equations for the case in which they are autonomous and for the case in which the parameters of the equations are unspecified functions of time. For the autonomous Black-Scholes Equation we find that the symmetry is maximal and so the equation is reducible to the (1 + 2) Classical Heat Equation. This is not the case for the nonautonomous equation for which the number of symmetries is submaximal. In the case of the two-factor equation the number of symmetries is submaximal in both autonomous and nonautonomous cases. When the solution symmetries are used to reduce each equation to a (1 + 1) equation, the resulting equation is of maximal symmetry and so equivalent to the (1 + 1) Classical Heat Equation.
Paliathanasis, A.; Morris, R.M. and Leach, P.G.L. 2016. Lie Symmetries of (1+2) nonautonomous evolution equations in financial mathematics. Mathematics. 4(2): 1-14.